2 edition of biochemical study of mentally retarded individuals in Northern Ireland found in the catalog.
biochemical study of mentally retarded individuals in Northern Ireland
Nina Agnes Jane Carson
Written in English
Thesis (M.D.)--The Queen"s University of Belfast, 1963.
|The Physical Object|
Mental retardation is a leading feature of many mendelian syndromes. In addition, studies in mental institutions such as those of Priest et al. () and of Wright et al. () show that mental retardation of unclassified type occurs in multiple sibs in a considerable number of cases. Some of these doubtless represent rare recessive disorders. High-income societies in general have high levels of mental disorder and an increase in rates in the past three decades, and Northern Ireland is no exception. However, evidence suggests that the years of violence associated with the Troubles in Northern Ireland have been an additional burden and have contributed to high rates of chronic and severe mental health problems and substance misuse.
More details of the relationships involved were given by Scally (), who, in a study from Northern Ireland, found that people out of 4, identified as being mentally retarded had either been married (with or without offspring) or were single, but had had at least one pregnancy. Mental health and behavioural problems are common among students commencing university. University life can be stressful and problems often exacerbate during their course of study, while others develop disorders for the first time. The WHO World Mental Health Surveys International College Student Project aims to conduct longitudinal research to examine and monitor student mental .
This small book consists of seven papers which vary in subject matter, technique and quality. Some present new work; others review briefly the recent Nina A. J. Carson, the discoverer of homocystinuria, discusses again her survey of retarded persons in Northern Ireland. She has. Carson NA, Neill DW. Metabolic abnormalities detected in a survey of mentally backward individuals in Northern Ireland. Arch Dis Child. ; 7. Colafrancesco G, Di Marzio GM, Abbracciavento G, Stoppioni V, Leuzzi V, Ferrara M. Acute psychosis in .
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Metabolic Abnormalities Detected in a Survey of Mentally Backward Individuals in Northern Ireland. and other bizarre biochemical features.
Lancet. Sep 1; ()– decreased renal ammonia production, hydrophthalmos, and mental retardation; a clinical entity. AMA Am J Dis Child. Feb; 83 (2)– Cited by: Carson and Neill first described homocystinuria in mentally retarded individuals in Northern Ireland. Soon thereafter, it was shown that the primary defect in homocystinuria was an enzymatic defect of CBS (Mudd et al.
), with a recessive mode Cited by: tal retardation in Northern Ireland, whereas in North America, homocy-stinuria had a prevalence of % among cases of mental retardation(10). Schmike et al. (11) estimated that in North America, 5% of patients with ectopia lentis are expected to have homocystinuria.
In the present study we observed that 24% of the cases with non-f. Northern Ireland has the highest prevalence of mental illness in the UK,1 with an incidence of around 16 deaths per individuals per year.2 Psychiatric morbidity in Northern Ireland is 25% higher than in the UK, a legacy of more than 30 years of conflict (known as the Troubles), in which people died and 47 were seriously injured.
In39% of the population in Northern Cited by: 4. Northern Ireland. In a large prospective study, Mental retardation was noted at the age of 2 years and bilateral ectopia lentis occurred at the age of 6 years.
Clinical exami- nation. Using Guthrie Biological Inhibition Assay, mentally retarded individuals housed in 31 cities and towns across the country were screened for PKU. The average prevalence of classical PKU in the study population was %, which is higher than that reported for most mentally retarded populations in other countries prior to the implementation of a nationwide newborn screening.
The Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey records the attitudes, values and beliefs of over 1, adults in NI to a wide range of social policy issues. In a. Research finds that childhood adversity and trauma in Northern Ireland has lasting impact on mental health 30 April Ulster University research has found that childhood adversities in Northern Ireland can have a damaging and long term impact on mental health and wellbeing.
retarded inborn errors among mentally Screening for metabolism patIents• Outcome of a survey at the Witrand Care and Rehabilitation Centre c. REINECKE, L. MIENIE, H. HITZEROTH, J.
OPTHOF Summary associated with mental retardation, as well as on the r~sults obtained at the Witrand Care and Rehabilitation Centreat Pot chefstroom. and young people in Northern Ireland in terms of the scale and complexity of problems.
Rates of mental ill health are estimated to be 25% higher in NI than in other parts of the UK (Bamford, ). Indicators for poor mental health include disproportionately higher rates of suicide in NI. Homocystinuria was discovered independently by Gerritsen et al.
() in Madison, Wisconsin, and by Carson and Neill () in Belfast, Northern Ireland. The patients of both groups were studied because of mental retardation. Mudd et al. () compiled data on patients with homocystinuria collected from all parts of the world.
Among patients not discovered by newborn screening, mental. Urines from 2, mentally retarded individuals in Northern Ireland have been examined by qualitative chemical tests and chromatographic techniques in order to detect any inborn errors of.
A study of the dietary intake of male and female mentally handicapped persons aged 15–64 years in five long-stay institutions was carried out using a semi-weighed technique over 4 d. Nineteen per cent of males and 5% of females were classified as being underweight and 15% of males and 27% of females were classified as being obese.
In this study, the states of the PKU disease in terms of prevalence and mutation spectrum among patients reside in the institutions for mentally retarded in Isfahan was investigated. In the first step, out of patients with PKU phenotype or severe mental retardation were screened for the PKU disease using the Guthrie bacterial.
TUDA (The Trinity, University of Ulster and Department of Agriculture Study) Ageing Cohort Study It gathers data on approximately 2, older people in NI and 3, in ROI, including people. In the s mentally unwell people in Great Britain and Ireland were manacled in outhouses, treated like wild animals, and kept in appallingly squalid conditions in madhouses or.
Book Editor(s): Gwynnyth Llewellyn. Professor Dean Director leader. University of Sydney, Australia. Search for more papers by this author. Rannveig Traustadóttir. Professor Director former president. University of Iceland. Search for more papers by this author.
David McConnell. The normal and bright children of mentally retarded parents are statistically a small group, but are at serious risk for adjustment problems. Half those studied had negative adaptions, one-fourth took the parent's role, and one-fourth showed normal adjustment.
The most important factor in the differential outcome is the presence, duration, and quality of the parents' social support.
Chapter 3 - The mental health of children and young people in Northern Ireland The evidence suggests that the Troubles may have contributed to poor mental health within Northern Ireland, both through their impact on the social and economic circumstances of individuals and neighbourhoods, and more directly via trauma, bereavement and violence.
This. From Idiocy to Mental Deficiency Historical Perspectives on People with Learning Disabilities dufiz dufiz 0 Comments Five Cases of Idiocy, with Post-Mortem Examinations Journal.
2. Carson NAJ, Neill DW. Metabolic abnormalities detected in a survey of mental backward individuals in Northern Ireland. Arch Dis Child ; 3. Gerritsen T, Vaughn JG, Waisman HA. The identification of homocystine in the urine. Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 9: 4.Intellectual disability (ID), also known as general learning disability and mental retardation (MR), is a generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significantly impaired intellectual and adaptive is defined by an IQ un in addition to deficits in two or more adaptive behaviors that affect everyday, general living.
Once focused almost entirely on cognition.a ca^ study Pauline M. Prior Department of Sociology and Social Policy. Queen's University, Belfast Abstract This paper looks at the impact of psychiatric hospital treatment on the life of a man who spent almost forty years in a large mental hospital in Northern Ireland.
Patient behaviour and staff.